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高考时记叙文的答题要注意哪些?
来源:http://www.wanzhi100.com/ 发布时间:2021-11-16
一、归纳要点概括内容,把握思路梳理情节
1、 Summarize the main points, summarize the contents, grasp the ideas and sort out the plot
1、先读题后读文。读题时注意从题干中找出“题眼”(即答题关键点),带着问题读文,使阅读具有明确的目标。读文时,要注意整体把握文章的主要内容和中心意思。准备答题时,必须再次细读题目,找准“题眼”。答题时,具体题目涉及到相关段落,要对这些段落反复研读;如涉及全篇,则要再读全文。
1. Read the questions first and then the text. When reading questions, pay attention to find out the "question eye" (i.e. the key point of answer) from the question stem, and read the text with questions, so as to make the reading have a clear goal. When reading the article, we should pay attention to the overall grasp of the main content and central meaning of the article. When preparing to answer the question, you must carefully read the question again and find the "question eye". When answering questions, the specific questions involve relevant paragraphs, which should be studied repeatedly; If the whole article is involved, read the full text again.
2、故事情节看起来好像很难,其实和第一条的归纳要点概括内容很像。也可以按照时、地、原因、人、事的程序进行,最重要的两个环节是“人”和“事”。因为小说的故事性和情节性,人物的情感也是非常重要的,一定要抓住。
2. The plot seems difficult, but it is very similar to the summary of the first article. It can also be carried out according to the procedures of time, place, reason, person and thing. The two most important links are "person" and "thing". Because of the story and plot of the novel, the character's emotion is also very important. We must grasp it.
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二、理解并分析段落(或句子)的作用
2、 Understand and analyze the role of paragraphs (or sentences)
1、从结构上来理解,首先要注意位置。可以有承上启下,总领下文,总结上文,前后呼应或首尾照应等作用。
1. To understand from the structure, we should first pay attention to the position. It can serve as a link between the preceding and the following, summarize the above, echo back and forth or take care of the beginning and the end.
2、从内容方面考虑,若是在开头,可以是开篇点题,总领全文等;若是在文中,往往是埋下伏笔,为后文做铺垫;如果是在文末呢,则可能是点明主旨,深化中心。要特别提出,可能也有关键的句子和段落,也会有表达人物内心情感,展现人物性格特点,或者推动情节发展等作用。
2. In terms of content, if it is at the beginning, it can be the opening point, the master's full text, etc; If it is in the text, it is often foreshadowing to pave the way for the later text; If it is at the end of the text, it may point out the main idea and deepen the center. In particular, there may also be key sentences and paragraphs, which can also express the characters' inner feelings, show the characters' personality characteristics, or promote the development of the plot.
三、分析并把握人物形象
3、 Analyze and grasp the character image
1、概括人物的形象,一定要从文本中找出能展现人物性格品质的词语,通过人物的具体事例来概括人物的品格,文章中那些最能展现人物个性的内容,如人物描写,绝不能忽略。
1. To summarize the character's image, we must find out the words that can show the character quality from the text, and summarize the character through the specific examples of the character. The content that can best show the character's personality in the article, such as character description, must not be ignored.
2、通过这些描写,我们可以归纳出人物的性格特点。还有文中的环境描写以及景物描写,他们都对人物形象起到映衬的作用,或者会推动情节发展,从而有助于人物形象的塑造。
2. Through these descriptions, we can sum up the character characteristics of the characters. In addition, the environmental description and scenery description in the article play a role in setting off the character image, or will promote the plot development, so as to help shape the character image.
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