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山东省春季高考专业选择注意四大方面
来源:http://www.wanzhi100.com/ 发布时间:2021-09-30
这个专业学什么,毕业之后可以干什么?”这几乎是每个高考生都应该考虑的问题,想想自己以后学什么,想去做什么样的工作。这就关系到在志愿填报时的一各重要的环节——选专业。所选的专业在很大程度上一自己以后的就业紧密相关。如果考生早选择专业是还犹豫不决,不妨换一个思路考虑从就业的视角老看志愿填报。
What do you study in this major and what can you do after graduation? " This is a problem that almost every college entrance examination student should consider. Think about what he will learn and what kind of work he wants to do in the future. This is related to an important link in voluntary reporting - choosing a major. The chosen major is closely related to one's future employment to a great extent. If the examinee is still hesitant to choose a major early, you might as well change a way of thinking and consider always looking at voluntary filling from the perspective of employment.
方面一:冷门专业与热门专业
Aspect 1: unpopular specialty and popular specialty
录取分数高的专业一般视为热门专业,从往年的报名、录取情况来看,财经、商贸、医药、护理、信息技术等都是热门专业。热门专业并非永远的热门。很多高职学校一窝蜂的办热门专业,供过于求,热门也会变冷。像是电子类、计算机类等,现在没有前几年那样火热了。而冷门专业也可能变成热门。看待专业的冷热要用发展的眼光。怎么判断将来的冷热,一定要看到我们国家未来发展重点在哪些行业,需要哪些人才,这是一个宏观、有用的判断标准。
Majors with high admission scores are generally regarded as popular majors. From the registration and admission in previous years, finance, commerce, medicine, nursing and information technology are all popular majors. Popular majors are not always popular. Many higher vocational schools rush to run popular majors. If the supply exceeds the demand, the popular majors will become cold. Like electronics and computers, they are not as hot as they were a few years ago. The unpopular major may also become popular. Look at the hot and cold of the profession from the perspective of development. How to judge the hot and cold in the future, we must see which industries our country will focus on in the future development and which talents we need. This is a macro and useful judgment standard.
方面二:红牌专业与绿牌专业
Aspect 2: red card specialty and green card specialty
红牌专业代表失业量较大、就业率低,且薪资较低。绿牌专业代表就业率持续走高,薪资走高。
Red card majors represent large unemployment, low employment rate and low salary. The employment rate of green card professionals continues to rise, and the salary rises.
红牌专业比较高的有以下几个:临床医学、国际金融、电子商务等,之所以是红牌专业,是因为这些专业失业量较大、就业率低、薪资比较低。绿牌专业包括地质工程、生产过程自动化技术、应用化工技术、焊接技术及自动化等。红牌专业与绿牌专业也不是一成不变的。随着供求关系的变化,一部分绿牌专业因为报考学生的增多,供过于求,而成为红牌专业,而红牌专业也会因为考生家长的理性选择止跌回升。
The red card majors are the following: clinical medicine, international finance, e-commerce, etc. the reason why they are red card majors is that these majors have large unemployment, low employment rate and low salary. Green card majors include geological engineering, production process automation technology, applied chemical technology, welding technology and automation. Red card major and green card major are not invariable. With the change of supply-demand relationship, some green card majors have become red card majors because of the increase of registered students and the oversupply, and the red card majors will stop falling and pick up because of the rational choice of the examinee's parents.
方面三:“表”与“里”
Three aspects: "table" and "Li"
选择专业要做到“表里如一”,“避虚就实”。在志愿填报时,经常有一些常识性的误区。有些考生一看见校名有着“化工”、“地质”、“师范”、“农业”等字样,就以为这类学校是冷门,就业不佳,不愿填报。填志愿一定要选择好专业,这个专业有没有社会需求,会不会货不对板,毕业后有没有前途,考生要心里有数。
Choosing a major should be "consistent in appearance and in interior" and "avoid emptiness and be real". In voluntary reporting, there are often some common sense misunderstandings. As soon as some candidates see that the school name has words such as "chemical industry", "Geology", "Normal University" and "agriculture", they think that such schools are unpopular, have poor employment and are unwilling to fill in. To fill in a volunteer, you must choose a good major. Candidates should know whether the major has social needs, whether the goods are wrong, and whether there is a future after graduation.
方面四:“大”与“小”
Four aspects: "big" and "small"
小专业招生可以一步到位,“大类招生”给学生“二次选择”的机会。从专业与就业的角度看,大类招生有利于引导考生更理性地选择专业。高中生对于大学学科专业情况的了解总是有限的,不时会出现入学之后觉得所就读专业不符合自己兴趣和特长的情况。大类招生后,学生进入前一阶段学习不分专业,在同一公共基础课平台和专业基础课平台进行培养,一年或两年后再根据自己的兴趣、专长、发展方向和社会需求在大类所含专业中重新选择具体专业。
Small specialty enrollment can be achieved in one step, and "large category enrollment" gives students the opportunity of "second choice". From the perspective of specialty and employment, general enrollment is conducive to guiding candidates to choose majors more rationally. Senior high school students always have limited knowledge of university disciplines and specialties. From time to time, they feel that their major is not in line with their interests and specialties after enrollment. After the enrollment of major categories, students enter the previous stage of study, regardless of major, and are trained on the same public basic course platform and professional basic course platform. After one or two years, they will re select specific majors among the majors included in the major categories according to their own interests, expertise, development direction and social needs.

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